Monograph of La Louvière - city of La Louvière



Situation:
La Louvière is in 8 km of Binche, 11 km of Soignies, 18 km of Mons, 26 km from Charleroi and 53 km from Brussels.
La Louvière counted 23 052 inhabitants before the fusion of the municipalities.
Number of inhabitants listed(counted) on February 21, 1996: 20 526 hbts.
Surface: 868 hectares.
Average height: 133.2 metres.
La Louvière is crossed with the Canal of the Centre and Thiriau.

La Louvière. Publishing(editions) Thill Bruxelles.


The history of La Louvière is confidentially connected to that of Saint-Vaast; indeed, at the origin of the important city which we know today existed only modest one hamlet dependent on a nerve center that was Saint-Vaast's village.

Today, situation was totally reversed: La Louvière is known worldwide for its earthenware factories or its surrealist culture, as for Saint-Vaast, it returned to the primitive rural occupations.

Origin étymologique of La Louvière results from the name which carried the hamlet in the debuts. Each knows that our regions were covered with thick forests until Moyen-Age, during which one began gigantic works of clearing. Numerous wolves lived, naturally , in these forests where nobody dared to come to disturb them. The place where were going to become established the first houses of La Louvière was called " Ménaulu ", what means " Den of wolves (Meigne in the leu, in old novel) ". The monks of the abbey of Alder who possessed lands in this place, Latinized the Romanic word which became " Luparia ", " Lovaria "; then a Romanic new translation took place to give " Lovière ", " Le Lovière ", and finally definitive shape " La Louvière ".

The point of departure of the village in itself was erection by the monks of the abbey of Alder of an important said farm of Court of La Louvière. Numerous donations increased the land patrimony of the abbey. Original exploitation was then divided into five properties: Grande La Louvière (afterward, a chapel was there assistant. We shall talk again of this one afterward), The Girl or Low La Louvière, cense of the Mill, Tout-y-Faut (of which a part is on Houdeng-Goegnies's territory) and Sartiau. All these exploitations depended on the abbey of Alder until the French Revolution.

As in several surrounding villages, the exploitation of the coal of ground began hardly early. It began in 1390 but the prosperity of this fuel was sensitive only in the XVIII-th century. The abbey of Alder possessed numerous pits, one of them was resumed in 1735 with the ancient bailli of Saint-Vaast, Gaspard Thiriar associated with his three threads; these based the society of the Collieries of La Louvière. In 1866, it changed in society of the Collieries of La Louvière, Peace and Saint-Vaast; then, it merged with the Inc. of Sars-Longchamps and Bouvy's collieries and took this same name.

The other coalmining societies were in action for the XVIII-th century in La Louvière; let us quote, for example, Maugrétout's collieries, Longtain's collieries; they were both closed in 1837. Let us quote also Houssu's society, based in 1737, which extended over the territory of La Louvière due to the hamlet of Balm. Coalmining activity stopped definitively in La Louvière in 1947.

In spite of these numerous exploitations, the hamlet of La Louvière still counted only some houses established along Redemont's road, some farms... In brief, it was a question still only of modest one hamlet dependent on Saint-Vaast. But situation changed very quickly from this moment. Because La Louvière possessed many communications (put shoes, railroad lines, crossing of the Canal from Charleroi to Brussels,), of numerous and various industries came to settle down on the territory louvièrois. Among the most famous, Boch-frères earthenware factories, Daubresses glass factories, Forges and Laminoires E. Boucqueau (at the origin of G factories. Boël).

This new industrial contribution attracted numerous employees who became established in new hamlets surrounding La Louvière (Hocquet, Mitant-de-Camps, Balm). This lightning increase of population and this massive increase of the hamlet of La Louvière pulled the separation of this one of Saint-Vaast's village. Official separation was signed and was decided by the law of February 27, 1869.

Who said separation said new organizations.

It(he) became necessary to envisage the creation of new buildings (schools, church, flats, Municipal House,), to foresee the place and the plans of new streets and arteries deserving of the economic development ceaselessly increasing at the time, new squares.

The Grand Master of work of these works was Amand Mairiaux, a mayor of Saint-Vaast; plans and drafts of the Brussels architects Cluysnaert and Beyaert and Montois Hubert were chosen and adopted for the realization of these colossal works.

Second World war caused many damages in the municipality of La Louvière; the allied Forces bombarded the numerous communications of the region and at the same opportunity the numerous houses (an estimation of 5000 destroyed buildings).

The law of fusion of the municipalities, adopted on January 1-st, 1977, conferred on La Louvière the responsibility of 10 surrounding municipalities, it is a question those that I study in this monograph. The total surface of the new formed entity passed so in 6.507 hectares.

Nowadays, the numerous light industries, which formed the economic and social landscape of La Louvière, closed their doors; it remains only the Kéramis earthenware factory and the Boël factories to call back the young people Louvièrois the rich industrial past of their city. City? Yes, La Louvière is recognized in conformance with city since August 2, 1985 (law spent in the Belgian Instructor, on August 21, 1985).

It seems to me important to underline, still, wealth and importance of the school network louvièrois. Many renewed, technical establishments, professional, of social advancements are at the disposal of the population of neighborhood (Saint institute Marries, Saint Joseph institute, Athenée Royal Mixte, Athenée Provincial, Provincial Institute of Arts and Professions by the Centre,)

Hospitable care are also represented well in the city. Modern and recognized Tivoli's hospital (built in 1976) contributes to the prosperity of the inhabitants.

As of numerous cities of Belgium, La Louvière is coupled with a foreign city, it is about the French city of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, in the Valley of the Marne, near Paris.


The fusion of the municipalities in some words.

Administrative, practically unchanged limits for a century and a half, pulled severe problems of organization; furthermore, most of the Belgian municipalities were too small and arranged too excess few financial means to envisage a more dynamic politics of regional development, a rationalization of public services and a better distribution of the community facilities.

One decided, so , to merge several municipalities they enter to make them stronger administratively and financially. It was the case of La Louvière and the 11 municipalities which surround it.

Several plans were proposed and abandoned, but one arrived all the same at a consensus on September 17, 1975.

According to the royal order of this date, the municipalities of La Louvière, Boussoit, Haine-Saint-Paul, Haine-Saint-Pierre, Houdeng-Aimeries, Houdeng-Goegnies, Maurage, Saint-Vaast, Strépy-Bracquegnies and Trivières are merged in a new municipality which carries the name of La Louvière. Besides, a part of the ancient municipality of Familleureux: Besonrieux's hamlet is added to the 10 already regrouped municipalities.

The new municipality of La Louvière depends so on the administrative district Soignies.

The city of La Louvière

The law of fusions was put into practice from January 1, 1977.


La Louvière, Capital of the Centre.

Importance and brilliance of La Louvière conferred it the title of " Capital of the Centre ".

But what the Centre?
It is in fact about the region, in the South of Hainaut, grip in sandwich enters Borinage and region of Charleroi. Officially this region does not exist, it's as if one indicated a locality; but who does not know this first-rate region fame of which comes especially of the coalmining industry and the Canal of the Centre?

The Centre regroups about sixty old municipalities which, since the municipal fusion of 1977, are associated in 12 important entities, La Louvière is one of these entities.

The surface of the Centre is about 64000 hectares for some 250.000 inhabitants.

By the cultural, economic and social role which it played and which it continues to play, La Louvière has very fast recognized as central city of this region.

With it 77.116 inhabitants (population raised in the 21-02-1996), entity louvièroise is the most important third city of Hainaut and the second year of secondary school of Wallonie.

Some other figures:
Total surface of the entity louvièroise: 6.507 hectares.
Italian immigration counted in the 31-12-1995: 14.429 persons.
Population foreign to the 01-01-1990: 20.103 persons.
Chomeurs suits in the 01-03-1996: 6.523 persons.

Whether it is in the even sports and industrial, school, cultural domain (let us note that a price for the Sports Merit is put back every year by the city), La Louvière knew how to become famous with dignity and knew how to prove its resistance in front of economic and social assaults (bankruptcies, unemployment, immigration,).

All the municipalities of the entity louvièroise have a socialist municipal past; La Louvière, moreover, is steered with a majority P.S. led by the mayor in office Michel Debauque (although a net ascent of the National Front was registered in the last municipal elections).From the 2000 eleciton, the socialist past is on the top and has rejected the National Front

How to explain this socialist colonization in our regions?

It is very simple, numerous regional industries attracted uncountable masses of employees adhering, naturally , to the " Party of the workers " what made of the region of the Centre, an ground of preference of the socialism.


Armorial of La Louvière.

Coats of arms of La Louvière. Armorial official of Belgium.


The ecu granted to the municipality of La Louvière by the royal order of March 5, 1954, is, in fact, the ancient ecu of the abbey of Alder.
It consists of an ecu of azure in the fasce of silver, accompanied chief of three female blackbirds also, arranged, to which one added, sharp, to personalize weapons in the emblem of the municipality, a Roman she-wolf of course.




The most ancient construction of La Louvière: the chapel of Grande La Louvière.

Chapel of Grande La Louvière in La Louvière. Photo Places.


Situation:

Street of Grande La Louvière.

The chapel constituted one of the oratories of the Court of La Louvière, property of the abbey of Alder and point of departure of the development of the hamlet of Louvière (to consult the historic of Louvière on this subject).

Built in 1531 near the farm of Grande La Louvière (today disappeared), the chapel is considered as being the most ancient construction of the village.

Strongly damaged, the Chapel of Grande La Louvière was restored by the Committee of Monuments and Sites, here is some years.

All the charm of the building lies in its picturesque and rural aspect.

At present, the chapel constitutes one of three antennae of the regional Museum of man and the environment of the Centre; this permanent exhibition is dedicated to the evocation of the parishes of the Ancient R®gime within the framework of their business.


Selection of three religious buildings in territory louvièrois:
The church Saint Joseph, the church Saint Antoine and the Protestant temple.


The church Saint Joseph.

Church St-Joseph in La Louvière. Photo Places.


Situation:
Place Maugrétout.
In front of the church raises draws up itself the Boulevard Mairiaux and far off, the Municipal Place.

The first church of La Louvière was situated in the heart of the current Place Jules Mansart and was called Church of Balm. This first religious building was demolished in 1873.

The plans of Amand Mairiaux's urban reorganization foresaw the construction of the new church on the Place Maugrétout; in spite of the discord of the storekeepers who saw so spining urban pole in the other end of La Louvière and consequently, contrary to their establishments.

Plans were confided to the architect montois Hubert. Style chosen as the building was the Novel.

The laying of first stone took place on October 6, 1867 by the mayor in function Mairiaux.

The new church dedicated to Saint Joseph was delivered to the cult on November 20, 1870.

In 1969, a shock shook the municipality of La Louvière, provoking some damages and notably a movement of the bell tower; situation becoming too dangerous for the surrounding population and for the passers - by, one demolishes the bell tower of the church Saint Joseph. This anecdote explains shape more than surprising of the tower of the church (a bare high and light tower in the summit).


The church Saint Antoine de Padoue to Bouvy.

Situation:
Place René Petre.
The choir of the church gives on the street of the Chalet.

This church was the commemorative work from the seventh centenary of birth to 1195 of Saint Antoine de Padoue.

Construction began in 1896, this one was realized in Gothic style according to plans established by the architect Constant Sonneville of Turned.

This building possesses two bell towers symmetric as those of Padoue's basilica.

Inside, an ambulatory allows to by-pass the choir and to reach Saint Antoine's chapel fitted out outside of the apse certain stained glasses of which deserve to hold attention by their composition and the game of their colours.

The pulpit of the truth telling facts of the life of the patron saint is remarkable; it's the same of the bench of religious community, work of the Saint Luc school of Turned.

The fountain of the baptismal fonts which is very ancient is of style revival and results from the church Martinmas to Ath.

Besides a picture of the painter Mr Deligne ( 1860 ) representing descent from the cross, Bouvy's church contains a beautiful reproduction of the holy image of Our Lady of the Good council.

The building was usual on August 4, 1903.

A fire damaged it strongly on August 11, 1914.

In 1940, the Germans seized two bells, which were replaced after the war.

Bouvy's church is a place of pilgrimage; on every Tuesday a mass is said in honour of Saint Antoine and its holiday is celebrated on June 13.


The first Protestant temple of La Louvière.

Situation:
At the beginning of the street of the Temple.

Seen important number of followers of the cult luthérien for La Louvière, municipal administration decided to create, in 1863 , a protesting temple (inauguration took place on December 25, 1863).

The architecture of the building is very simple.

Curiously, this building being of use to the Protestant evangelic cult was the first religious building of La Louvière-Saint-Vaast.

Another temple was raised, afterward , in the Street Anatole France.


Two industries at the origin of the development of La Louvière.

Boch-Kéramis earthenware factories.

Situation:
Street Sylvain Guyaux, 70.

In 1841, Jean-François Boch, a rich faïencier already possessing important companies in the grand duchy of Luxemburg and in the region of the Saar (Germany), decides to widen its markets by basing a factory of fine earthenware factory in Belgium.

After numerous prospectings on the Belgian territory, it is Saint-Vaast's domain which is retained for the construction of the new factory. One can wonder why to have chosen this village hennuyer; reason is there simple: Saint-Vaast was then in the crossroads of important communications (crossing of the canal of Charleroi, outcome of several mining railroads); furthermore, the basement is rich in coal. These combined elements are going to bring creation and inauguration on August 1-st, 1844 of the Kéramis earthenware factory (name given in honour of the ceramists athéniens; Kéramis means, in Greek, vase of ground or pottery). It is there the beginning of La Louvière as independent municipality (for reminder: industry and environment are going so to develop in the hamlet louvièrois that it is going to get loose from Saint-Vaast)

Eugène ( 1809-1898 ) and Victor Boch ( 1817-1920 ) succeeded one another in the head of the company (this one is, moreover , so known under the name of Boch-frères).

Victor Boch builds the castle of Closière in the park adjacent to the factory; it will be question of it later in this monograph.

The first artisans of the earthenware factory are Luxembourgian, Sarrois and inhabitants of Lorraine come from the companies of the Boch " multinational " to throw the new Belgian branch; afterward, they are Belgians formed on the heap and the ancient artists of the famous factories faïencières of Delft and Maastricht which are going to be employed on Kéramis.

To accommodate these new inhabitants, the family Boch builds " the district " so called " the district of the Germans " (so named by the other inhabitants because their new neighbours spoke only about their maternal Germanic language).

Numerous activities are going to develop due to the new inhabitants; let us indicate, in passing, the creation of societies of gilles: Boute-en-Train, a choir: Kéramis's choir, a brass band, a casino and naturally schools and construction of a chapel for the believers.

Industry makes essentially of the crockery and the ornamental objects everything it fine china; among numerous works taken out of the workshops of La Louvière, it is necessary to indicate the magnificent imitations of Delft, Rouen and especially the production " Art Déco " due to the famous artist - ceramist Charles Catteau.

At the same time as this sector, a division dedicated to the production of porcelain sanitary facilities glazed is opened in 1945 and is distributed under the name of " Vitribo ".

The years of post-war years constitutes, for the Boch earthenware factory, a period of considerable expansion; numerous housekeepings are reconstituted a necessities of crockery and sanitary material.

The 70s are going to bring at Boch, as in most of the companies, crisis and its consequences: production "crockery" is going to be abandoned for the benefit of the "sanitary" sector.

In 1985, the company is in liquidation; however, jobs and production are saved by the creation of the group Novoboch for the sanitary department and the MRL BOCH company for the service crockery. Two new companies are, partially , financed with the Walloon Region.

Today, two ceramic companies remain in the centre of La Louvière: Novoboch who, associated to the Sphinx multinational, the factory of the sanitary material of up-market and Royal Boch who produces of the crockery and ornamental objects.

Within the framework of the factory, a Centre of the Earthenware, created in 1993, opened. This centre gets organized around the Museum, around the Kéramis studio, around the Counter of the Earthenware and the Coffee of Faïenciers. He proposes to the guests of numerous possibilities of visit and animation.

The Museum presents permanent exhibitions old details evoking the artistic talent of the factory and of it workers; the Kéramis studio offers to the public to get acquainted with the various stages of the elaboration of the earthenware and even to venture in the realization of one or the other work; the Counter of the Earthenware, as for him, proposes of the crockery of second choice to reduced prices as well as some recollections in earthenware. Finally, the Coffee of Faïenciers offers to the tourists a small restoration in a frame evoking the former(old) factories.


Gustave Boël factories.

Situation:
The entry of factories is street of the Rivals, in esteemed with the Hall of Exhibitions.

From second half of XVIII-th century, metallurgy industry is present in the region of the Centre.

Due to industrial revolution, metal industry is going to occupy the second important place behind the coal.

In 1854, the brother Cambier installs in their Saint-Vaast's factory (in the place of the Hall of Exhibitions, maintaining La Louvière) the first blast furnace of the Centre.

In 1880, Gustave Boël acquires Foundries and Laminoires E. Boucquéau, it is the beginning of the first-rate Boël factories of La Louvière.

In 1887, the company is transformed into steelworks; in the course of the years, the Steelworks of La Louvière acquire celebrity and become one of the most powerful industries of the country.

In 1928, Steelworks change name to become the Inc. of Gustave Boël factories.

The success of this company is due notably to its interesting geographic situation; indeed, the U.G.B. is in the crossroads of the waterways of the Canal, the lines of the station of forming and the accesses of highways E19 and E42.

All the family Boël put a lot into the development of the factory; besides, they are also known in the political world to have lined up in the ranks of the P.R.L.; numerous members of the clan Boël were municipal councillors, a mayor, a senator and the same president of the Senate.
Since 1993, the group Boël is associated to an invest: Boëlinvest.
Recently, Boël, having been bound with the Dutch group Hoeghovens, was resumed by the Italian group Duferco what provoked many bustles among the employees and the syndicates which are afraid for their use.


The house of the family Boch: Closière.

Situation:

The castle is situated a little more low than the station of La Louvière-Centre.
Street of Closière, 6.

During the creation of the Boch earthenware factory, Victor Boch, his director settled down with his family in the premises of an ancient brickyard near houses workers of the "district".

Seen the lightning prosperity of the company, Victor Boch decided to change place of house and confided to the architect Joseph Poelart (this one remained famous to have realized the plans of the Law court of Brussels), the care of building her one castle around its factories. The castle took " La Closière's " name and was finished in 1862. According to the papers of moment, it was about an impressive house settled in a case of greenery with a plan of parks in the English.

It is almost impossible to define the architectural style of the castle; indeed, several genres are represented to it (tudor, neogothic, neo-classic, Moresque).

During excavations executed for the construction of the castle, one updated Roman vestiges (fragments of grindstones of mills, fragments of pottery).

Internal and outside alterations considerably damaged the remarkable building.

La Closière was occupied during several years by the Chamber of commerce and industry of the Centre; at present, it is the regional Centre of the FOREM) which settled down there.

The castle Gilson.

Situation:
Bouvy's street. The park of the castle gives in the street of Beautiful Sight.
Just a step from the crossroads of the Flag - white.

The ancient mayor of La Louvière, Augustine Gilson, acquired the castle in 1912 in the family Engrave; it is from this moment that the buildin) took the name of his owner.

It is about a beautiful simple and regular, classic construction of style, without superfluous decorations.

A park was fitted out behind the construction. This oasis of greenery in full city center suggest rest and relaxation.

During the construction of the new city hall, the castle Gilson served of municipal house then, one acted as it of municipal Museum; at present, a part of the castle is occupied by the Centre of "Indigo" Young people, the other part is allocated to the Media library of the French Community.

A strange sculpture - fountain of the artist Pol Bury thrones in front of the castle.

The Ianchelevici museum.

Situation:
The museum is installed in the premises of the ancient Law court.
Municipal place (next to the municipal Theater).

The Rumanian sculptor Idel Ianchelevici and the city of La Louvière are very connected; indeed, besides the revealing of one of the works " Appeal ", to the exit of the highway, a seriously maintained museum is dedicated to him.

In 1939, when La Louvière acquired " Appeal ", Ianchelevici was already a renowned artist in Wallonie.

From 1945, the Rumanian sculptor participated actively in the artistic life louvièroise by exposing numerous works in the town. It was not, so , the surprise to learn that Ianchelevici had chosen La Louvière to open a museum proposing his realizations.

The museum was installed in the buildings of the ancient Law court, saving it so from a sure destruction; during the works of restoration, the restoration of the facade allowed to update a magnificent building of classic style dating the end of XIX-th century.

The museum, in itself, proposes drawings and sculptures offered by the artist to the foundation which carries its name.

Besides two hundred bronze realized sculptures, stone or marble, exposed, one can see mouldings in plaster of the busts of the personalities louvièroises and more than two thousand drawings.

The first floor, consisted of five rooms, is dedicated to a permanent exhibition of Ianchelevici's works.
The floor is, as for him, reserved for temporary exhibitions.

Conducted tours are proposed to the guests.

The Centre of the Carving and the Printed Image.

Le Centre de la Gravure et de l'Image Imprimée de la Communauté française de Belgique.

Situation : Rue des Amours, 10.

Tel : 064/27 87 27

Site web : www.centredelagravure.be

Courriel : accueil@centredelagravure.be

Le Centre de la Gravure et de l'Image Imprimée est née d'une association de la Ville de La Louvière et de la Communauté Française en septembre 1988.

Il s'agit d'une A.S.B.L. dont l'objet est la gestion d'une collection exceptionnelle de 5.000 estampes
d'artistes contemporains belges et internationaux, 5.000 affiches et 500 livres d'artistes et portfolios. Cette collection réunit les achats du Ministère de la Communauté française de Belgique, de l'Administration communale de La Louvière et ceux du Centre de la Gravure ainsi que d'importants dons ou legs d'artistes ou mécènes. Le musée est également un lieu de rencontre, de recherche et d'étude dans le domaine de la gravure et de l'image imprimée. De nombreuses expositions sont fréquemment réalisées.

Il est également possible de feuilleter l'un des 6.000 catalogues de documentation ou l'un des 450 ouvrages mis à disposition.



Monuments and statues in the city of La Louvière.

In the bend of a street, in the centre of a boulevard, half hidden with a bush, the walker roaming in La Louvière will not miss to discover one either the other sculpture or the memorial calling back Louvièrois their past.

Whether it is the monument of The She-wolf, symbol of the town or the Bench of the Walloon Song, dedicated to an author patoisant of the region, works spread skillfully in the city deserve certain interest.

They are of these artistic witnesses and the past that I am going to speak about to you in this chapter.

The monument of The She-wolf.

Situation:
Place of The She-wolf.

Situated in the city center, the monument of The She-wolf reminds the mythical origin of La Louvière. Indeed, before becoming one of the most important cities of the country, La Louvière was only modest one hamlet which served of mark for numerous wolves.

The She-wolf, inaugurated on July 26, 1953, is the work of the architect Depelsemaire and the sculptor carolorégien Darville.

The statue reminds the one that is placed on the Capitol of Rome in memory of Romulus and Rémus; numerous Louvièrois dreams about a similar origin for their city!

The monument of the Appeal.

Situation:
Public garden Keuwet; in the entrance of La Louvière by highways E42 and E19.

Appeal. Ianchelevivi-La museum Ianchelevivi-La Louvière.


Impressive work of the Rumanian sculptor Idel Ianchelevici ( 1909-1994 ).
Appeal represents a sturdy man, dressed scantily, barefoot, right hand tightened towards the sky and symbolize the primitive run-up towards the reason, the civilization and the spiritual forces. Work measures near 4 metres in height.

The municipal administration of La Louvière acquired work, created in 1939, for the moderate sum 10.000 francs. It decided to place it in the entrance of the Boulevard Mairiaux, inauguration took place on September 24, 1945, but the sculpture hurt successful candidate by the population which the welcomed with the aversion and the gibes.

At first realized in cement, it was melted again bronze and placed between the Municipal Place and the Boulevard Mairiaux. This second inauguration took place on October 21, 1967.

But it was not the last journey of our sculpture; indeed, during the organization of the highway, one moved " Appeal " to give it is definitive, just place to the entrance of the city by coming from the highway.

Appeal, so placed in the entry of the village, seems to welcome every penetrating person in famous town of wolves.


The monument of The Peace.

Situation:
Municipal place.

" Peace " in La Louvière. Photo Places.


The monument of The Peace is the work of the sculptor sonégien Michel Stiévenart ( 1910-1991 ).
This sculpture weighs 8 tons and is realized in small granite.
It represents two close people in a brotherly fashion by the same pacifist thought. The persons are massive and the almost non-existent details seen the respect for the initial shape of the block.

The géométrisation of volumes gives a force of supplementary expression.

The monument of The Peace was set up as 1969 on the Municipal Place on the occasion of the celebration of the centenary of La Louvière, dedicated first Belgian city of the peace.









The monument Mairiaux.

Situation:
Boulevard Mairiaux.

The statue is due to the talent of the artist feluysien Victor Rousseau.

It represents the last mayor of Saint-Vaast before the erection of La Louvière in different municipality.

As I indicated him in the historic of La Louvière, Amand Mairiau was the inspirator of the works of increase of the new municipality. The recollection is always present in the city due to this statue and due to the boulevard which wears its name.

The inauguration of the monument took place on August 4, 1896.


The memorial Léopold Dupuis.

Situation:
In the city park.

The city of La Louvière set up a stele in memory of one ofit famous children: Léopold Dupuis, says Vî-Stou. It was about a composer-songwriter of Walloon literature; a note is dedicated to him in the chapter resuming the illustrious persons of La Louvière.

The monument is a quite simple stele, only engraved with the cheerful figure of the poet; a small bird (one " mouchon of aunia ") perched on the shoulder, seems to whistle him sweet one melody.


The bench of the Walloon Song.

Situation:
In the city park, in front of Léopold Dupuis's monument.

The real name is often underestimated, it is a question " of el banns of el drawing paper Walloon ".
It is, in fact, about a quite simple stone, soberly engraved in the name of a poet patoisant: Maurice Roland, said " el fèl canteu ". In front of the stele raises itself a low bench, the most simple possible.


The monument of the Walloon Song.

Situation:
Set up in the city park, street A. Warocqué.

How the previous work, this sculpture calls back the passers - by wealth and glory of the Walloon literature.

This statue, realized by the artist louvièroise Louise Nopère, represents a young lady raising the head towards the sky and holding in the arms a cock, symbol of Wallonie.

Work is dedicated to the narrators and the Walloon interpreters of the Centre.


Paul Leduc's stele.

Situation:
City park.

The stele dedicated to the big painter of origin louvièroise, Paul Leduc, raises itself next to various aforesaid works in city park of La Louvière.

It is about a medallion, representing the artist, affixed on a part of raw cliff.


The war memorial of the war 1914-1918.

Situation:
City park.

Work of the sculptor Alfred Courtens, it was inaugurated on October 7, 1923 by the Queen Elisabeth in the presence of a crowd of more than fifty thousand persons.

The monument represents, in a symbolic way, Homeland under the features of a bruised woman; this one serves the hand of a person representing the louvièrois Omer Lefèvre which, accused of espionage by the Germans, had been shot during the First War. Omer Lefèvre, head raised towards the sky, fixes an eagle, German symbol of the authority, ready to sweep down on him. Behind the group, one distinguishes a soldier going(taking) up to the assault and a transported convict, dominated with the eagle, leaving in exile.


The monument to the victims of the War 1940-1945.

Situation:
Set up Place Mattéoti.

The monument is situated in the heart of the Place Mattéoti; it is of for the work of the architect Marcel Pochet.

A stele of black marble wears engraved the names of the war prisoners and the political prisoners, the victims of bombardments, soldiers died during the campaign of eighteen days.

The monument was inaugurated on June 21, 1958.


Marguerite Bervoets's monument.

Situation:
In the main courtyard of the Royal Secondary school - Bouvy's street.

It is about a statue representing Marguerite Bervoets, famous Louvièroise, heroine of the war 1940-1945. The monument reminds also Laurette Demaret's recollection, also victim of the Second War.

The monument was inaugurated on November 17, 1946.

A commemorative tablet is, also , affixed on the ancient hotel of the Thousand Columns (street Sylvain Guyaux) in memory of Marguerite Bervoets.


The memorial Albert 1-st.

Situation:
The memorial is raised on the facade of the National Bank, street Albert 1-st.

It is a work of the sculptor Albert Brichant.
It is about a medallion resuming the features of the King - knight.


La Louvière, Anna Boch's homeland.

Rosalie-Anna Boch was born to Saint-Vaast (when La Louvière was another Saint-Vaast's hamlet) on February 10, 1848.

His father, Frédéric-Victor Boch was other than the founder of Kéramis earthenware factories.

Teenager, Anna at once liked arts and more particularly painting and music.

In 1885, she joins the group of the XX, meeting place of 20 avant-gardist artists.

Anna Boch was a very active woman; throughout the life, she will help numerous artists: and so she acquired patron's recognized quality.

In domain of the painting, the specialists recognize in the artist louvièroise one of the most interesting figures of the Belgian impressionism.

She wwas, enters the others, friend of James Ensor and Octave Maus.

Numerous works are exposed to the Royal Museum of Brussels, to the main museum of Amsterdam, to the museums of Ostend and Luxemburg.

As regards the musical domain, Anna Boch was a big admirer of the piano and a warned music lover; she opened numerous salons where could meet the biggest musicians of time.

Till the end of the life, Anna Boch devoted himself to her passions; one recognizes her works dating 1935 (she was then 87 years old).

The artistic movement of which she threw bases is at the origin of the creation of the music school of La Louvière.

On February 25, 1936, Anna Boch dies to Ixelles.

The recollection continued in the region; indeed, a street of La Louvière wears its name.

Apparently, artist's blood poured into the veins of the family Boch; a father founder of earthenware factories, a recognized girl so well as painter that pianist and a son, Eugène, doubtless less known than his sister but whose talent requires, it seems to me, to be indicated.


Eugène Boch.

Eugène was born in La Louvière in 1855. Benjamin of the family Boch, he dedicated himself from its twentieth year to arts and more particularly to painting.

During a stay in the neighborhood of Arles ( 1888 ), Eugène Boch got acquainted of Vincent van Gogh. The two young men got on and Vincent van Gogh suggested even executing a portrait of his friend louvièrois.

It is difficult to classify Eugène Boch's style; indeed, the painter left of the impressionism there to arrive at the beginning of the fauvisme under the influence of Emile Bernard and Cézanne.

Van Gogh was not his only illustrious friend, Toulouse-Lautrec, Dodge and Emile Bernard were a part also of this circle of known painters.

Eugène Boch died in France (to Montyon) in the 40s.


Autre Louvièrois who became famous himself in the painting, Paul Leduc.

Paul Leduc was born in La Louvière in 1876.

In the optics to learn and, afterward , to perfect in the painting, Paul Leduc frequents the academy of Mons, then the superior Institute of the Fine art of Antwerp.

Paul Leduc was classified very fast in the category of the impressionists of the beginning of XX-th century.

The painter, found his inspiration in places filled with light such Saint-Tropez, Chin, Venice, Martigues. That is why, some critics granted him the nickname of " painter of the countries of the sun ".

Paul Leduc died to Schaerbeek in 1943.

Quite as to Schaerbeek, La Louvière gave the name of one of its streets to the painter.


One of the initiators of the surrealist movement in La Louvière: Achille Chavée and his group "Rupture".

Achille Chavée was born in Charleroi, on June 6, 1906.

Marginal poet in the high verb, Chavée leaves his home town to come to settle down in La Louvière (he likes particularly this city which he sings frequently in his poems).

In 1932, he discovers surrealism and devotes himself to the André Breton's favourite exercise: automatic writing.

In 1934, Achille Chavée melts with three other surrealist young people Hennuyers, group "Break"; the members of the group want to involve in fights workers and refer to a literary, political and scientific pit. Tone is given; everywhere one recognizes the remarkable dynamism of the group louvièrois while in Brussels, it was a question still only of small and isolated surrealist revolutions.

"Break" knows a considerable success, the other burning defenders of Breton's manifesto come to join Achille Chavée and his followers. One will even say of La Louvière that it is the capital of the surrealism just like Paris.

In 1935, the group publishes a review: Bad Time, illustrated by René Magritte and Max Servais.

In 1936, Achille Chavée joins the International Brigades in Spain; of return in Belgium, he parts from the group "Rupture" and bases the " Surrealist Group of Hainaut ".

After Second World war, Chavée creates the group At " high Night " in My, then returns in La Louvière and bases the group of surrealist searches "Plan".

Achille Chavée dies on December 4, 1969 in Hestre, as he begins to be recognized by his just value.

It is necessary to admit that Achille Chavée brought his letters of nobility to La Louvière in contemporary literature.

The city dedicated him a street.

Some of the works: " Guards of Aurore, " Sleepless nights " (poems); " The Born spot " (collections of poems); " Ephémérides " Crystal To live ";" Between flea and tiger ";" On life and on natural death ".


Gustave Wallet: artist - painter.

More known under the name of Taf Wallet, this illustrious painter louvièrois was born on November 24, 1902.

Virtuoso of the neo-impressionistic painting, Taf Wallet excelled at the representation of portraits, inside, landscapes, marines and still lives.

Let us note that this regional artist is one of the members - founders of the artistic group louvièrois " Nervia ".

Among the works, it seems to me interesting to indicate the realization of the mosaic of the municipal swimming pool of La Louvière ( 1952-1954 ).

Taf Wallet stays one of the most representative figures of the Walloon painting; the work remains especially a hymn in the life and in the nature.


Marguerite Bervoets.

Marguerite Bervoets was born in La Louvière, on March 6, 1914. Poet and professor of French to Forêst, she published a collection of poems "Chromaticism".

Resistant during Second World war, she) was arrested and was beheaded by the Germans to Wolfenbüttel, on August 9, 1944.

La Louvière maintains its recollection due to a monument and to a commemorative tablet (to see statues and monuments of La Louvière).


Léopold Dupuis, says Vî-Stou.

Léopold Dupuis was born in 1859.

Author of light comedies, operettas, songs patoisantes, he favored the development of the Walloon literature.

He boosted, also, Walloon distribution by creating two newspapers: " Wallonia " and " Aunia's El Mouchon ".

Died in 1932, the city of La Louvière honoured him for its efforts of dialectal promotion by amounting him a stele in the city park (to see the chapter dedicated to this subject).


A recognized contemporary artist: Pol Bury.

That the inhabitants of Hatred - John Dory do not want me it if I did not attribute Pol Bury to their village. It is maybe an error; indeed, Pol Bury was born in Hatred - John Dory in 1922 but very fast, he came to settle down in La Louvière; furthermore, numerous regional authors attribute to the artist "nationality" louvièroise.

Pol Bury became famous at first himself in the surrealist painting then in the geometrical abstract art.

From 1957, Bury allies in his works the drawing to the movement and proposes to the spectators of " Mobile Plans "; 2 years later, they are "Multiplans" (sort of vertical painted slats and changed with an engine) which are exposed in Brussels and in La Louvière.

In 1959, Pol Bury dashes into the kinetic search; what brings him, in 1963 , to create furniture for the least original because they are decorated with different objects (glass balls, cubic of metal or wood, cylinder of cork,) changed with pulleys, magnets, threads... The purpose of these original creations is to bring the spectator on second thought on the sphere of influence of the slow, secret and unusual life.

In 1964, having conquered Paris, Pol Bury leaves in the United States. There, he works the steel and the polite copper. In 1967, Bury realizes his first monumental sculpture: a fountain for the university of Iowa.

For La Louvière, he realized the sculpture - fountain which is in front of the castle Gilson (inaugurated on September 25, 1992).

Pol Bury's work is all over the world known.


Sculpture - fountain of the castle Gilson. Photo Places.
























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